Environmental investments make up just 1% of the assets of Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs). As these public institutional investors have the capacity to deploy enormous
Tax expenditures are significant and have wide ranging environmental implications. Tax benefits for fossil fuels are a case in point, but the scope to align
A new study for the European Commission investigates civil society’s role in improving the effectiveness of environmental taxes for pollution reduction and natural resource management.
From instituting carbon taxes to strengthening social and economic resilience, finance ministers have access to a wide range of policy instruments with which to manage
The fiscal regime governs the way in which mineral rents are shared between the state and the investor. A well-designed fiscal regime is essential to