Support for fossil fuel subsidies in the EU-28 (IVM, VITO, IEEP, BIO)

This study by IVM, VITO, IEEP and BIO for the European Commission identifies and quantifies government support to fossil fuels in the EU-28. The study finds that significant support is provided through reduced excise taxes, with EU-wide tax expenditures estimated to be between EUR 28 billion and EUR 200 billion depending on the benchmark used. To download the study, visit the IEEP website.