Fossil fuel subsidies (USD, billions):
Fossil fuel subsidies with externalities (% of GDP):
Options for mitigating the adverse effects of fossil fuel subsidies removal in Ghana (Wesseh Jr. & Lin)
Conventional wisdom holds that, without environmental benefits and revenue recycling, fossil fuel subsidies removal would lead to welfare losses. This study by P. Wesseh Jr.
This book by World Bank staff and external contributors proposes a framework for understanding the political economy of subsidy reform and applies it to four
This New Climate Economy working paper examines energy subsidies in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) related to the production and consumption of fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal),