Fossil fuel subsidies (USD, billions):
Fossil fuel subsidies with externalities (% of GDP):
Estimating the impact on poverty of Ghana’s fuel subsidy reform and a mitigating response (Journal of Development Effectiveness)
This study simulates the welfare implications of a 2013 fuel subsidy reform in Ghana and the required scaling up of cash transfers to mitigate the impact of subsidy removal on poor households.
This Policy Research working paper is a product of the Energy and Extractives Global Practice Group at the World Bank Group. The paper provides an overview of experiences with fossil