Fiscal Instruments in INDCs: How countries are looking to fiscal policies to support INDC implementation (IISD and GIZ)

This discussion paper by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) provides an overview of how fiscal policies are being used to support implementation of countries Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Based on a rapid review of INDCs, the paper identifies the types of fiscal policies and economic instruments included in countries INDCs and sets out recommendations for further action moving forward.