Climate scientists have argued that oil, gas and coal reserves must remain unexploited to limit global warming increases to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Yet governments are continuing to provide financial support for the increased production and consumption of such reserves. This lecture organised by the European University Institute (EUI) by Dr Margaret A. Young (Associate Professor, Melbourne Law School) demonstrates that states have fragmented international legal obligations regarding support for fossil fuel production. It traverses the trade regime’s disciplines on subsidies, the climate regime’s concept of territorially-bounded emissions and customary international law notions of due diligence. It compares the position of energy exporting states (such as Australia) in each of these governance frameworks, drawing wider implications for an equitable, effective and legitimate transition to a low carbon economy. For further details and to register please visit the EUI website.