This report by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) examines subsidies to coal production in China, identifying an estimated USD 5.8 billion in government support in 2013. Major subsidies included in the assessment are: tax relief, investment in assets, compensation for mine closures and direct payments. The analysis covers national-level and provincial-level subsidies in coal-producing provinces of Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia. The report recommends further transparency to support the process of subsidy reform in line with government policy to reduce coal consumption.