The project “Economic instruments for managing environmentally harmful products in Ukraine” is part of the European Union’s initiative “Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN) implemented by the OECD and partners. This project report focusses on two principal policy instruments: environmentally related product taxes and extended producer responsibility (EPR) schemes. Ukraine has made several attempts to introduce environmental taxes on harmful products but, in line with the current Government’s tax consolidation policy, decided to pursue the differentiation of general excise taxes based on environmental criteria. This report describes Ukraine’s experience to-date with the design and implementation of each of the different instruments and provides recommendations based on international best practices. The report is available to download on the OECD website.