Fossil fuel subsidies (USD, billions):
Fossil fuel subsidies with externalities (% of GDP):
The coronavirus crisis is a window of opportunity to transform the economy and especially, to make it “green.” Previous economic crises such as the financial crisis in 2008/09 and the oil
The 2013 OECD Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels identifies and estimates direct budgetary transfers and tax expenditures relating to fossil fuel production and consumption.
The OECD-IEA Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels provides updated fossil fuel support data for 34 OECD member countries and six partner countries, including a number of measures applied