Fossil fuel subsidies (USD, billions):
Fossil fuel subsidies with externalities (% of GDP):
25 October 2019: The Russian government has significantly weakened its proposed law to regulate emissions, apparently caving in to the country’s powerful fossil fuel industry.
Gas and Taxes: The Impact of Russia’s Tinkering with Upstream Gas Taxes on State Revenues and Decline Rates of Legacy Gas Fields (Oxford Energy)
In a world of low commodity prices the potential for conflict between hydrocarbon producers and governments over tax revenues is exacerbated. In Russia this is
The BRICS—Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa—are both influencing and being influenced by global energy markets and the clean energy transition. This report by
A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal – a