Fossil fuel subsidies (USD, billions):
Fossil fuel subsidies with externalities (% of GDP):
Raising taxes during an economic downturn might seem counterintuitive but it could be the key to Covid-19 recovery. The secret lies in which taxes to raise: when it comes to impacts on the economy, jobs, and the environment, not all taxes are created equal.
9 November 2017 – In April 2017, prime ministers of the Nordic countries launched a joint initiative – Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges. Fossil fuel subsidy reform was presented as
Much has been done over the years to improve fisheries management in OECD countries. Ongoing problems of over-fishing, overcapacity and the economic crisis intensify the need for reform. Although there
This OECD report provides insights on the political economy of biodiversity related policy reforms. It draws on existing literature and four new case studies covering the French tax on pesticides,
The OECD-IEA Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels provides updated fossil fuel support data for 34 OECD member countries and six partner countries, including a number of measures applied