Fossil fuel subsidies (USD, billions):
Fossil fuel subsidies with externalities (% of GDP):
Fossil fuel subsidies persist despite the climate crisis. They distort the energy market by keeping fossil fuel prices artificially low. Removing these subsidies must be accompanied by social programmes that will reduce the impact on the poorest household.
Those who bear a disproportionate share of a carbon tax will mobilise against it … unless they are given reason not to In his classic book, The Logic of Collective Action,
The OECD-IEA Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels provides updated fossil fuel support data for 34 OECD member countries and six partner countries, including a number of measures applied
This report sets out the findings of a working group, chaired by Guillaume Sainteny, tasked with identifying French public subsidies and fiscal incentives harmful to biodiversity and options for reform in order to reduce
This report led by Green Budget Europe (GBE), in collaboration with CEE BankWatch, EEB and WWF, sets out recommendations for the 28 EU Member States to accelerate Environmental Fiscal Reforms (EFR) in the context of