Turning the Paris Agreement’s greenhouse gas emissions pledges into domestic policies is the next challenge for governments. This paper by Stefano Carattini, Andrea Baranzini, Philippe Thalmann, Frédéric Varone and Frank Vöhringe explores the acceptability of cost-effective climate policy in a real-voting setting, using Switzerland as a case study. The paper shows that the popularity of an environmental tax crucially depends on its distributional impacts, competitiveness concerns as well as on the perceived environmental effectiveness. Read the full article in the Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics.