The paper explores the current status of fossil fuel subsidies and renewable energy in five Middle East and North African (MENA) countries – Egypt, Jordon, Morocco, Libya, Tunisia. For each country, the paper examines the structure of the energy sector, renewable energy status, and the status of fossil-fuel subsidies. It also makes observations on the impact of fossil-fuel subsidies, particularly in relation to renewable energy. The final section of the paper reviews the countries as a whole and draws some conclusions as to the status of renewable energy, and how it is affected by the existence of fossil-fuel subsidies.