The project “Economic instruments for managing environmentally harmful products in Moldova” is part of the European Union’s initiative “Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN) implemented by the OECD and partners. This project report focuses on two principal policy instruments: environmentally related product taxes and extended producer responsibility (EPR) schemes. Moldova is one of the two Eastern Partnership countries (Armenia is the other one) with long-standing experience of using environmental taxes on harmful products. Moldova’s interest in EPR schemes is driven to a large degree by the process of harmonisation of its legislation with that of the European Union, to which Moldova has committed itself under the Association Agreement. This report describes Moldova’s experience to-date with the design and implementation of each of the different instruments and provides recommendations based on international best practices. The report is available to download on the OECD website.